Yunnan ProvinceBordered by Tibet to the northwest, Sichuan to the north, and Guizhou and Guangxi to the east, Yunnan covers a total area of around 394,000 square kilometres, making it roughly the same size as Germany.
China and Southeast Asia: Waking up the NeighborsIf China is to be the world’s next superpower, then Southeast Asia is its ‘backyard’, just as Central Asia was to Russia during its superpower era, and Central America is to the US. It is a diverse region made up of countries of various sizes, political systems, and levels of development, with annual GDP per capita ranging from a little over $1,000 (Myanmar and Laos) to $50,000 (Singapore).
Sino-Japanese Relations: In the Shadow of HistoryThere can be no doubt that China and Japan are the giants of East Asia, both in economic and political terms. The bilateral relationship is, therefore, of great importance to both the region and the wider world. Despite a mainly cordial relationship over two thousand years of known interaction, Sino-Japanese relations have been complex and difficult for over a century.
Qinghai ProvinceHistorically part of ancient Tibet, the boundaries of Qinghai today roughly match those of the ancient Tibetan province of Amdo. Tibetan cultural influence is still palpable throughout the province.
China’s Island Disputes – A lot at StakeAmong the numerous causes of friction between China and its neighbors, the continued failure to resolve a series of territorial disputes remains one of the most pressing. Threatening to destabilize the entire region, the disputed islands bring China into potential conflict with Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and, most worryingly for regional security, Japan.
Jiangxi ProvinceLying in a geographical depression between China’s western highlands and China’s coastal ranges, Jiangxi is bound by the provinces of Hubei and Anhui to the north, Zhejiang and Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, and Hunan to the west. At 164,800 km2, Jiangxi is slightly smaller than Iraq.
Women in ChinaSince the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, promoting greater equality between men and women has been a stated goal of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Mao Zedong famously proclaimed “in China, women hold up half the sky.” By this Mao appears to have meant that, if women were treated equally to men, China could better achieve its potential by taking advantage of the full complement of its population and workforce. The CCP thus supported the promotion of equal rights in all aspects of a woman’s life, at least at a rhetorical level.
Part V – The Mongol Empire: Yuan Dynasty 1279 – 1368The Yuan marked the only time that China was entirely conquered by the Mongols. Increasingly, by the end of the Song Dynasty, when the Chinese refused to trade on what the Mongols felt were acceptable terms, the herders had the mobility and military skills to get what they wanted by launching raids. Eventually, what the Mongols wanted was all of China.
China’s Geography: The Physical StoryWith a total area of nearly 9,600,000 square kilometers, China’s landmass is slightly smaller than that of Europe. It stretches about 5,000 km from east to west, and about 5,500 km from north to south. China has land borders with 14 nations including Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous RegionThe region between Inner Mongolia and the provinces to its south marks the northern range of viable large-scale agriculture in China. Since ancient times, it has therefore always been a place where the cultures of the nomadic steppe dwellers and the settled Han agriculturalists met and clashed.